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Friday, 8 December 2017

Cord Blood Banking : Why Donate it to protect your family health

cord blood

Why cord blood banking?

Cord Blood is a blood in newborn's umbilical cord, which is a rich source of stem cells that can grow into organs, blood vessels and tissues. It can be collected at the time of birth. In fact, the process is so safe, quick and painless does not pose any harm to both the baby and the mother. It hardly takes five minutes of time. 

Benefits of cord Blood Banking:

These stem cells are similar to those found in bone marrow, today they can be used to treat  over 80 life-altering or life-threatening diseases like sickle cell, Parkinson’s disease, cancer, Bone Marrow Failure, Leukemia, Neuroblastoma, Lymphomas, Anemia, Osteopetrosis, Spinal cord injury and certain immunologic disorders.
The collected blood from the umbilical cord contains HPC cells (Hematopoietic Progenitor) and to form blood related cells in the human body. These HPC stem cells are injected to the persons suffering from deadly diseases to replenish their blood supply with new healthy cells.
Further, these steam cells speed up the healing process in the human body and strengthen the immune system. To sum it up they can easily adjust to the host's body and repair damaged tissue.
One of the most important point to note here is that the stems cells present in cord blood do not have any expiry date.
Moreover, preserving those potential life-saving stem cells in special cord blood storage or cord blood banks (Private and Public cord blood banks) for the future is called “Cord Blood Banking”.
In the Public cord blood bank, the donated cord blood of your baby of can be used to treat people in need.
In the Private cord blood bank, you have to pay to for the storage for future usage of your family for treatment.
In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration regulates cord blood under the category of “Human Cells, Tissues, and Cellular and Tissue Based-Products.” The Code of Federal Regulations under which the FDA regulates public and private cord blood banks is Title 21 Section 1271.

How Cord Blood is Collected?

After the delivery of the child (whether C-Section or vaginally), a minimum quantity of 75 ml cord blood is collected in a special blood bag (sterile bags or vials). This entire process of drawing blood should be performed before the placenta is ejected.
At the same time, the blood bag to be shipped to the storage center within 48 hours without delay. The stem  cells in the umbilical cord blood are harvested and finally stored at −196°C.
Meanwhile, in the lab, the collected cord blood should be tested for certain properties. It must be free from diseases and infection. It is frozen, stored and listed on the Registry for future usage to the people in need.
In under any circumstances, Names of donors are never shared.

In the year 1988, first stem cell transplant using the umbilical cord blood is done successfully.

If you are pregnant, now it’s a time to consider collecting your child’s cord blood. After all, the thought of cord blood donation is a good idea and a generous gift to save someone else’s life. 

Image source: http://www.bonemarrowmx.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/infog-stem.jpg

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